Motivation Theory in Social Psychology Review

Motivation Theory in Social Psychology Review

Motivation is the driving force that drives us to reach targets. Inspiration can be external or internal. In terms of the external Motivation force, Motivation can be defined as the innate, personal, emotional, or psychological dispositions towards specific objects or circumstances that guide an individual’s actions towards attaining certain ends. The term is usually used for human beings, but theoretically, it may also explain the motivational forces that drive animal behavior. For example, the motivational force towards eating may be defined as a person’s innate desire to satisfy their hunger.


We know that all learners learn more when they are motivated to learn. Motivation, therefore, is one of the essential concepts in education. It is defined as the state of readiness on individuals’ part to take up and follow instructions. On the other hand, Motivation can also be understood as the strength or power that results from the natural tendencies that are inherent in people.


The two types of Motivation are extrinsic and intrinsic. Extrinsic Motivation leads to good grades in school, and this type of Motivation is external or required small effort on the learner’s part. Intrinsic Motivation, however, motivates an individual to do something in his or her best interest – what would be suitable for the learner. This type of Motivation has three distinct aspects. They are associated with the environment (the surrounding social and economic surroundings), the learner, and the teacher.

extrinsic reward theory

According to the extrinsic reward theory, the environment provides the necessary incentives for a person to perform well. A teenager who gets a good grade in school will most likely receive a gift from his or her teachers, as well as a pat on the back from their peers. Teachers motivate students through a variety of means, including rewards, praise, and occasional gifts.


According to some researchers, humans are motivated to learn a specific behavior to gain a tangible reward or benefit. Two of the most common theories about Motivation are the contingency theory and the universal theory. The contingency theory suggests that human Motivation is based on situational-based rewards. For example, an outstanding student at getting good grades in school may be motivated to try harder to get those same grades.


According to the contingency theory, the Motivation to learn a specific behavior occurs only when the benefits are more significant than the costs incurred. Thus, a student who gets high grades in school may be motivated to work harder to get the same quality. On the other hand, if the rewards come after the costs are incurred, the Motivation to do the right thing fades away. According to the universal theory, human actions are not motivated by extraneous matters such as material possessions. The universal rationale of behavior, therefore, suggests that Motivation is grounded in deeper cognition and emotions.

internal drives and external drives

Motivation refers to both internal drives and external drives that drive our behavior. Cause involves both the conscious and the unconscious mind that influences our behavior. The conscious part of our brain controls our choice consequences, and the hard part of our brain produces the emotion of Motivation. Motivational theories propose that various external and internal motives induce individuals to engage in certain behaviors.


Motivation can be defined force that drives you towards your desired goal. A cause has three aspects, namely, internal drives, behavioral dispositions, and external motivators. Motivation involves three significant parts, including: aesthetic, intellectual, and behavioral. It is believed that one of the three factors plays a significant role in driving people towards success.

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